What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the science that captures both theoretical and practical development of intelligent systems. It is an interdisciplinary expertise where among others statistics, psychology, computer science and philosophy meet. Questions that are tried to be answered are: Can a computer be as intelligent as a human being? How can the intelligence of computers be optimized and exploited? One of the subareas within artificial intelligence is the study and analysis of lots of data, known as big data. With self-learning algorithms and statistical tools patterns can be discovered, like tumors in CT-scans, or predictive models can be build, for example to predict if a certain loan is a low or high risk one. These kind of applications make that AI contributes on things like decision making in business processes or optimization of health care.